How to Scalp Like an Indian

Out of This Century

We’ve all seen Hollywood depictions of American Indians scalping their enemies. Whether it’s The Last of the Mohicans or Dances With Wolves, the procedure is portrayed in roughly the same manner: an Indian grabs his struggling enemy by a tuft of hair, and with one clean blow of his tomahawk takes off an entire scalp. Movie representations were likely based on posed, melodramatic period images such as the following–painted by artists who had never had the misfortune of being near an actual battle:

Fake scalping

The historical reality was a bit different, however. Actual scalping was considerably messier and took much longer. We have an account from Jonathan Carver, an American writer and explorer who served in the French and Indian War. Carver writes:

At this business [the Indians] are exceedingly expert. They seize the head of the disabled or dead enemy, and placing one of their feet on the neck…

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Review of Astral Transmissions album by Stupid Cosmonaut

Andrulian's blog

Stupid Cosmonaut are a 3 piece ambient / pysch band from Manchester, England comprising of Sam Read, Mark Hawnt and Steve McNamara. They all take an equal share in producing and writing the music using mostly hardware synths, guitars, bass and samples. I’ve recently reviewed a couple of their previous releases – Salvia single and Abstract Concepts album.

This is an excellent album, there’s some superbly created sounds with great evolution of soundscapes in each of the songs. There’s a jam feel at times and often contrast between ambient / uptempo parts and also with drones which gives an edgy sound at times.

AT1 Fermium
The song opens with a drone against a quote which sits in the background, the choppy sounding rhythm of the bass drum adds a great element. Evolving sounds emerge, some in the background others more upfront. There’s great movement in the distorted percussive sounds…

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Espacio Estatal en Defensa del Maíz Nativo de Oaxaca


It is our right to conserve the territories, the cultures and the spirituality which have nourished the lives of the original peoples of the world.

In the face of the violent events taking place since September, 2016, in the territories of the Sioux Nation at Standing Rock, North Dakota, against the Hunkpapa Lakota Nation and other native peoples whose ancestors have long inhabited the banks and adjacent areas of the Missouri River in the United States of America, we, the undersigned, representatives of indigenous and campesino communities, non-governmental organizations, and independent academics of the state of Oaxaca, Mexico, manifest our opposition to the systematic violation of indigenous human rights by the violent imposition of the Dakota Access Pipeline, which affects the territory, water, and culture of the Sioux Tribe at Standing Rock.

The Dakota Access Pipeline (DAP), a project of Texas-based Energy Transfer Partners, a private enterprise, has an estimated…

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